Regular oral hygiene will prevent cavities leading to toothaches. Simply brush and floss twice a day and visit your hygienist every six months for a routine cleaning. Also eat a diet rich in calcium, vitamin D, vitamin C, and flouride. Diets high in sugers will eventually lead to decay, even in the mouths of most frequent brushers and flossers.
Fillings are done to remove decay, and replace the affected tooth structure. It is called a filling because a new material fills the hole that decay left. Now days most teeth are treated with bonded tooth colored composite resin fillings. Caught early enough, cavities can be treated easily and painlessly. If not treated decay can lead to tooth pain and/or infection, and the tooth would need root canal treatment or extraction.
Bonding involves adhering composite resin material that is matched to the color of the tooth, to the front of the tooth. This is done to repair damage done to the tooth by decay, to alter the alignment of the tooth, close gaps between the teeth, or for cosmetic purposes.
This is used to fill in narrow grooves in a tooth that cannot be adequately cleaned by brushing. In some cases, the tooth structure has fine grooves or pits which accumulate plaque, not because the person doesn't brush, but because they're too narrow to allow even one bristle into them. These will develop cavities over time, and you don't want that. So the dentist will brush on a coating that seals the grooves and pits, making it possible to brush off all the plaque and keep your teeth healthy.
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